National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) and US Department of Transportation (USDOT) recently announced that they have made agreement with 20 automakers to have AEB (Automatic Emergency Braking) to be installed in all new vehicles manufactured by them by 2022 as part of the standard feature. Currently, it is available for an additional of at least $1000 to have it installed on the vehicle. Some examples of automakers which are included in the list are Audi, Ford, KIA, Mazda, Porsche and even Tesla.
AEB system will be using sensors such as lidar, radar as well as cameras to predict potential accident and gives warning to the driver. If the driver does not react fast enough, then the vehicle will automatically apply brakes so that to minimize the impact of the crash or to prevent the crash from happening.
This agreement will save about three years of bureaucracy process and the automakers which provide the system as part of their standard features will be given incentives. IIHS predicts that about 28,000 crashes and 12,000 injuries can be prevented within those three years with the AEB technology. NHTSA also announced that AEB system testing will be part of the agency’s 5-Star Safety Rating in 2018.
This is not the first time that NHTSA has made agreement instead of a formal regulatory process. In 2014, the agency required all new vehicles under 10,000 pounds which includes buses and trucks to be equipped with rear-view cameras by May 2018. On top of that, the 2012 model year vehicles are required to have electronic stability control as standard equipment.