A survey conducted by researchers from Toulouse School of Economics to get public opinions in regards of a situation whereby if there is something wrong with driverless car and what it should do to save the situation. Should it kill 10 people and save the driver or swerve and kill the driver to save the group?
The survey was of a paid type on Amazon Mechanical Turk which compensates each participant 25 cents in exchange for their time to fill up the survey. There are a total of 913 participants in the survey and there are three versions of the survey altogether with of course different questions. Therefore, each participant is required to do only one version of the survey. As it is done online, therefore, the participants could be anywhere around the world.
From the survey result, it is found that more than 75 percent supported self sacrifice to save 10 people and about 50 percents supported self sacrifice to save just one person. According to the result, it is also found that the people who are excited about the self driving cars are at of younger age and less religious.
There are three versions of the survey, one version put up a number of people that would be killed ranging from 1 to 10 in the event whereby the driver did not swerve and asked whether it should kill the passenger or bystanders. The second version asked about the driverless car configuration, should it be programmed to always sacrifice the passenger or always protect the passenger or random? It also asks the morality rate of each. Lastly, the third version of the survey, there is a story whereby there are 10 people saved as the car swerved and therefore the passengers were killed. The participants were then need to give the morality rate of each situation if they are the passenger and then a bystander. There are some participants who might think that the real cars would be programmed to always save the passengers at all cost.
Driverless cars aim to reduce 90% of the traffic fatalities; however, there is still 10% if the ethics code itself which is still up to debate.